Spirituality, valor, prosperity: September 19 – the National Flag Day of South Ossetia

Sat, 19/09/2020 - 09:55
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The National Flag Day is celebrated in South Ossetia on September 19. The white-red-yellow tricolor was approved as the state symbol of the Republic of South Ossetia on January 13, 1992, when the Republic's Supreme Council adopted the Law on the State Flag. The official celebration of National Flag Day began in 2013.

The recent history of one of the main national symbols, more precisely, the history of revival, began in 1989, and it is inextricably linked with the history of the national liberation anti-fascist movement.

Tricolor ribbons then began to appear among students protesting against the Nazi policy pursued by the then leadership of Georgia and various informal Georgian organizations.

The tricolor began to be used at rallies of the anti-fascist movement "Adaemon Nykhas".

For the first time, a tricolor banner soared over the ranks of the South Ossetian delegation in October 1989 in the village of Nar in North Ossetia, where the celebration of the 130th anniversary of Kosta Khetagurov was held.

After a short period of time, the Ossetian tricolor began to be used everywhere in the north of Ossetia.

The history of the revival of the Ossetian flag is only thirty years old, and the history of the national symbol itself dates back thousands of years.

The flag reflects the three-functional division of the Scythian society (such a division was widespread in the Indo-European world as a whole).

When speaking about the three-functional division, historians usually cite Herodotus and his theory of the origin of the Scythians. The first ancestor of the Scythians was a certain Targitai, born of the supreme god and a daughter of the river Borisfen. Targitai had three sons, and during their lifetime golden objects fell to the ground - a plow with a yoke, a pole axe and a bowl.

Three classes of Ossetians, known from the epic: Alagata, Akhsartagata and Borata. White color personifies priests, keepers of spirituality of knowledge, keepers of the Uatsamonga chalice, red is the color of the army and yellow (or gold) is the color of workers, artisans.

Later, ancient authors described these colors on battle banners, arrowheads of Alanian warriors.

According to the memoirs of the authors of the revival of the national banner, a lot of controversy was caused by the location of the colored stripes, since no accurate information has survived, and the location always depended on the conjuncture of the time.

In the end, it was settled on this hierarchy: the white color of the flag is the personification of spiritual purity and stability of moral standards. Red - fortitude, valor, courage and bravery. Yellow (sometimes gold) means peace, goodness, prosperity, and well-being granted by the sun.

And the truth is in the harmony of three colors. And so it will be as long as the Ossetian world exists.

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