A Republic Born in Battles: September 20, South Ossetia is celebrating its 30th anniversary

Sun, 20/09/2020 - 11:43

September 20 is the 30th anniversary of the proclamation of the Republic of South Ossetia.

A year before the significant event, an attempt was made to transform the Autonomous region into an Autonomous Republic — then still part of the GSSR. This decision was due to the current socio-political situation in Georgia. The policy of aggressive nationalism gained strength with the absolute connivance of the Georgian party nomenclature at that time.

Nazi slogans, demands for the elimination of Autonomous entities, insults to the peoples living in Georgia were heard not only at rallies, but also in the media, on the pages of reputable scientific publications. The misanthropic ideology was supported by almost all prominent figures of the Georgian intelligentsia and the Georgian clergy.

Practically all prominent figures of the Georgian intelligentsia and the Georgian clergy supported the man-hating ideology.

In this situation, South Ossetia tried to maintain autonomy, to prevent a conflict within the legal framework of the USSR and the Georgian SSR.

On November 10, 1989, the Council of People's Deputies of the South Ossetian Autonomous Region of the Georgian SSR made a decision to transform it into the autonomous republic.

The Supreme Soviet of the Georgian SSR recognized this decision as unconstitutional, after which, at the end of November, with the direct assistance of the republic's top officials, more than 15,000 Georgians tried to arrive in Tskhinval to hold the declared "peaceful meeting" there. The true goals of the operation became apparent later, when militants of informal associations staged a blockade of South Ossetia, terrorizing the civilian population. At the same time, the first killed and wounded appeared.

In March 1990, the Supreme Council of Georgia adopted a resolution on "guarantees for the protection of state sovereignty," which essentially declared Soviet power in the republic illegal. Unlike some other republics of the Union, which declared their sovereignty, this was not just a declaration of intent. The National Democratic Movement of Georgia was openly seeking for the independence of the republic and by the end of the year made a number of steps in this direction.

Having come to power in the fall of 1990, the movement, led by Zviad Gamsakhurdia, began to liquidate the Soviet authorities, laws on state symbols were adopted, and the development of a new constitution began.

It became obvious that Georgia was preparing to leave the Soviet Union. At that turning point in history, the proclamation of the South Ossetian Republic within the USSR was the only legal mechanism to prevent the development of the situation tragic for the people of South Ossetia. It should be noted that both then and subsequently South Ossetia was acting exclusively within the framework of the laws of the then USSR and the norms of international law.

On September 20, 1990, the Council of People's Deputies of the South Ossetian Autonomous Region proclaimed the South Ossetian Soviet Democratic Republic within the USSR. The Declaration of National Sovereignty was adopted.

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